Alternative disposal methods

In parallel with the development of the KBS-3 method for final disposal of spent nuclear fuel, alternative methods have been studied both in Sweden and abroad. The different concepts investigated have included separation and transmutation of long-lived radionuclides, continued storage of the fuel in controlled facilities for extended periods of time and alternative designs for geological disposal facilities as well as more exoteric alternatives such as launching of spent fuel or high-level waste into space.

alternative

Kemakta has contributed to SKB’s studies of alternative methods for management of spent nuclear fuel since the mid-1980s. See below  for a list of publications that Kemakta has contributed to.

References

  • Skagius K. and Swemar Ch., 1989. Performance and safety analysis of WP-Cave concept, SKB TR-89-26, Svensk Kärnbränslehantering AB.
  • Wiborgh M., Skagius K., Widén H., Birgersson L., 1992. PASS analysis of performance and long-term safety of repository concepts. SKB TR-92-43. Svensk Kärnbränslehantering AB, Stockholm.
  • SKB 1993. Project on Alternative Systems Study (PASS) – Final report. SKB TR-93-04. Svensk Kärnbränslehantering AB.
  • Birgersson L., Pers K., Wiborgh M., 2001. Project JADE Long-term function and safety. Comparison of repository systems SKB TR-01-18. Svensk Kärnbränslehantering AB.
  • Sandstedt H., Pers K., Birgersson L., Ageskog L., Munier R., 2001. Project JADE. Comparison of repository systems. Executive summary of results SKB TR-01-17. Svensk Kärnbränslehantering AB.
  • Grundfelt B. and Lindgren M., 2006. Separation and transmutation – Assessment of the use in Sweden (in Swedish), SKB R-06-60, Svensk Kärnbränslehantering AB, Stockholm.
  • Grundfelt B. and Wiborgh M., 2006. Deep boreholes – Status and consequences from application of the method in Sweden (in Swedish), SKB R-06-58, Svensk Kärnbränslehantering AB, Stockholm.
  • Grundfelt B. and Wiborgh M., 2006. Strategies and methods for management of spent nuclear fuel, Studies performed after 2000 (in Swedish), SKB P-06-316, Svensk Kärnbränslehantering AB.
  • Jones C. and Wiborgh M., 2006. Controlled dry storage – Description of methods and use in other countries and assessement of the premises for use in Sweden (in Swedish), SKB P-06-94, Svensk Kärnbränsle­hantering AB, Stockholm.
  • Marsic N., Grundfelt B., Wiborgh M., 2006. Very deep hole concept – Thermal effects on groundwater flow. Svensk Kärnbränslehantering AB SKB R-06-59. Svensk Kärnbränslehantering AB.
  • Pettersson M. and Grundfelt B., 2006. Extended storage in Clab (in Swedish). SKB R-06-62, Svensk Kärnbränslehantering AB, Stockholm.
  • Grundfelt B., 2010. Principles, strategies and systems for management of spent nuclear fuel, SKB R-10-12 (in Swedish), Svensk Kärnbränslehantering AB.
  • Grundfelt B., 2010. Comparison between the KBS-3 method and disposal in deep boreholes for the final disposal of spent nuclear fuel (in Swedish), SKB R-10-13, Svensk Kärnbränslehantering AB.
  • Grundfelt B., 2010. Radiological consequences of accidents during disposal of spent nuclear fuel in a deep borehole, SKB P-13-13, Svensk Kärnbränslehantering AB.
  • Marsic N. and Grundfelt B., 2010. Modelling of thermally driven groundwater flow in a facility for disposal of spent nuclear fuel in deep boreholes, SKB P-13-10, Svensk Kärnbränslehantering AB.
  • Marsic N. and Grundfelt B., 2010. Review of geoscientific data of relevance to disposal of spent nuclear fuel in deep boreholes in crystalline rock, SKB P-13-12, Svensk Kärnbränslehantering AB.

 

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